The boys beat the girls by a narrow margin in the first national multiplication table test for nine-year-olds.
More than 600,000 fourth grade school pupils in England were asked to answer 25 times multiplication with six seconds per question this summer.
The results, released on Thursday, show that the average score out of 25 was 20 for boys, just shy of 19.6 for girls.
Overall, 27 percent of pupils received top marks and 12 percent scored 24 out of 25. The average score for all pupils was 19.8.
Professor Alan Smithers, director of the Center for Education and Employment, said: ‘It’s not fashionable to talk about psychological differences between the sexes, but if you look at test and exam results, generally girls do better in English and in the humanities and boys are better at maths and physical sciences.”
He added: ‘It’s very good that the test results are so encouraging because learning tables is crucial to being able to handle calculations easily in your head, so it will give them a much better basis for success in maths in the future.’
Last year girls outperformed boys in all Sats exams except maths where 72% of boys met the expected standard, compared to 71% of girls.
The largest gender performance gap for exams, which are held at the end of primary school, was in writing, where girls outperformed boys by 14 percentage points.
The test results showed that English pupils had an average score of 19.4, underperforming their peers with a first foreign language, with an average score of 21.2.
Ethnic Chinese pupils were the best, with an average score of 23.5, followed by Indian pupils, with 22.7. The lowest performing ethnic group was White Travelers of Irish descent, with an average score of 13.2.
London was the best performing region, with pupils achieving an average test score of 20.9, while the South West scored lowest, at 19.1.
Hammersmith and Fulham were at the top of the local authority table, with an average score of 22. The Isle of Wight had the lowest average local authority score at 18.
Government data showed that pupils born in the summer underperformed their peers born at the start of the academic year. The average score for pupils born in August was 19, compared to 20.6 for pupils born in September.
Disadvantaged pupils performed lower than other pupils with an average score of 17.9, compared to 20.5 for those who are not entitled to free school meals and are not in treatment.
The government has announced plans to introduce multiplication tables tests in 2018 as part of its ambition to make England a “world leader” in mathematics, alongside China and Singapore.
The tests, which are completed online, became compulsory for fourth-year primary pupils in England this year.
Nick Gibb, Minister for Education, said: ‘Learning the times tables correctly is very important for children, both for their time at school and in their everyday lives, and today’s data provides us with an important benchmark to build on. over the years to come.
“The math is vital for making essential calculations like how a higher base rate will affect your mortgage or for working out the best multi-pack deals at a supermarket.”