Girls and young women in the north of England feel less happy, confident and safe than those in the south, the research suggests.
They were more likely not to feel safe in public and that gender stereotypes keep them in school, according to a Girlguiding poll.
They were also far less happy with their lives than those in London and the south.
Girlguiding said the government must ensure the leveling up is meaningful for girls and young women by prioritizing their safety and well-being in education, health, and public and online spaces.
Around 3,015 girls and young women between the ages of seven and 21 across the UK were surveyed between March and April for Girlguiding’s annual 2022 girls’ attitudes survey, funded by the People’s Postcode Lottery.
Overall, it found that more than half of girls and young women between the ages of 11 and 21 do not feel safe outside alone (53%), while 45% said the same of being out in public and 19% do not feel safe in school.
More than half of the girls in the north (51%) do not feel safe in public, compared to 41% of those in London and the south. They were also less likely to feel safe outside alone and at school.
A young interviewee said: “In the future I hope to be able to feel safe by leaving the house and going somewhere alone, even at night.”
In addition, 26% do not feel safe online, and the survey found that more than a third (36%) of girls and young women are put off from certain jobs, such as politics, due to abuse suffered by high-ranking women. online profile.
This peak in the north of England, where 41% are postponed compared to 34% in London and the south.
Northern girls and young women were also more likely to say that gender stereotypes keep them in school (26% versus 18%), compared to 21% overall.
And 63% of girls and young women between the ages of seven and 21 in the north said they want to change many things in their lives, compared to 56% of girls in the capital and the south.
Overall, two-thirds of girls and young women aged 11 to 21 said they experience or see sexism in their daily life at school, college or work.
And 17% of girls and young women between the ages of 13 and 21 said fear of sexual harassment keeps them in school.
Girlguiding CEO Angela Salt said, “It’s shocking how many girls and young women, some as young as 11, don’t feel safe at school, on social media or in public.
“Our research shows how common discrimination, stereotypes and sexism are in our society and how it is not surprising that this creates barriers to happiness, trust and success.
“Along with the disparities in girls’ experiences across the country, it is crucial to act now to address these issues to ensure that every girl and young woman has the opportunity to fulfill their potential, regardless of where they live.”